Geotechnical Engineering is a part of structural engineering worried about the engineering behavior of earth materials. Geotechnical engineering incorporates researching existing subsurface conditions and materials; surveying dangers presented by site conditions; designing earthworks and structure foundations; and monitoring site conditions, earthwork and establishment construction.
A typical geotechnical engineering project starts with a site investigation of soil and bedrock on and underneath a zone. Investigations can incorporate the evaluation of the hazard to humans, property and the earth from common perils, for example, earthquakes, landslides, sinkholes, soil liquefaction, debris flows and rock falls. Foundations are outlined and built for structures of different sizes, for example, elevated structures, bridges, medium to huge business buildings, and littler structures where the soil conditions don't permit code-based plan. Foundations worked for over the ground structures incorporate shallow and profound foundations. Holding structures incorporate earth-filled dams and holding walls. Earthworks incorporate banks, burrows, levees, channels, repositories, testimony of dangerous waste and sterile landfills.
Geotechnical engineering is additionally identified with coastal and ocean engineering. Coastal engineering can include the plan and construction of wharves, marinas, and jetties. Ocean engineering can include establishment and stay frameworks for offshore structures, for example, oil stages.