CIVIL ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the outline, development, and upkeep of the physical and normally constructed condition, including works like streets, spans, trenches, dams, airplane terminals, sewerage frameworks, pipelines and railways. Civil engineering is customarily broken into various sub-disciplines. It is the second-most established designing order after military engineering, and it is characterized to recognize non-military building from military engineering. Civil engineering happens in general society division from city through to national governments, and in the private part from singular property holders through to universal organizations.
There are a number of sub-disciplines within the broad field of civil engineering. General civil engineers work closely with surveyors and specialized civil engineers to design grading, drainage, pavement, water supply, sewer service, dams, electric and communications supply. General civil engineering is also referred to as site engineering, a branch of civil engineering that primarily focuses on converting a tract of land from one usage to another. Site engineers spend time visiting project sites, meeting with stakeholders, and preparing construction plans. Civil engineers apply the principles of geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering and construction engineering to residential, commercial, industrial and public works projects of all sizes and levels of construction.